A regular eye examination is undoubtedly the best thing you can do to safeguard your eyesight. Routine eye exams are most especially important in individuals predisposed to eye diseases, those who have eye injuries, or those who notice a change in their vision.
What’s an Eye Examination Like?
While every optometrist is different, Innaloo optometrists Options Optometrists say that majority of eye examination steps follow pretty much the same pattern. To start, they’ll evaluate your family and personal health history and pay close attention to possible risk factors such as an eye disease, poor vision, high blood pressure, or diabetes. Afterwards, you will undergo the following routine tests:
- Vision Test: Your eye doctor will check for astigmatism, myopia (nearsightedness), and hyperopia (farsightedness), with the use of an eye chart.
- Eye Muscle Coordination Test: Your optometrist will shine a light in a predetermined pattern to check your capacity to see clearly and sharply both at far and near distances, and check if you can utilise both of your eyes together.
- Peripheral Vision Test: Your eye doctor will move objects just outside your field of vision and check if you can clearly see them.
- Response of your Pupils to Light: Your optometrist will check your pupil’s reaction to light as he or she shines a light on them.
- Colour Test: Your optometrist will tell you to describe what you see in images made up of countless coloured circles or dots to see if you can differentiate colours.
- Eyelid Function and Health: Your optometrist will check your eyelids, both inside and out.
- Fluid Pressure Measurement: Your optometrist will use a tonometer to blow air onto your eyeballs. This will measure pressure in your eyeballs — a typical early indication of eye diseases such as glaucoma.
- Behind your Eye and the Interior: Your optometrist will dilate your eyes and then utilise an ophthalmoscope to check your optic nerve and retina.
Plenty of severe eye conditions do not actually have evident symptoms and some only exhibit symptoms once the condition has progressed, making it harder to treat, if at all treatable. In case your optometrist finds any issues with your eyes, you must follow his or her recommendations to ensure that you won’t further damage your vision or develop more severe eye conditions.