Veins are blood vessels that play a valuable role in the circulatory system. Blood that has been expended from the heart, will go to the different parts of the body, but this blood must return back to the heart. And our veins serve as a conduit to deliver it back.
It depends on muscle contractions to push back blood back to the heart. It has valves that open to let the blood inside the vein when it contracts and close when it relaxes. Eventually, after some time, veins get damaged.
Diseases of the veins are normally caused by a blockage in the blood or an injury in the vein. Meaning, the valves are impaired and the walls inside the veins are damaged like when you have deep vein thrombosis (DVT).
The meaning of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is when a blood clot develops in our deeper veins. This involves the legs, the arms, and even the pelvis. Basically, this is not lethal as this usually results in leg discomfort. However, it can become critical when the blood clot reaches the lungs.
Other venous diseases are blood clots, varicose veins, spider veins, phlebitis or superficial venous thrombosis, leg ulcers and chronic venous insufficiency.
Apart from doing a physical check-up and a historical background of their patients to diagnose a venous disease, a series of diagnostic tests like MRI, CT scan, and a duplex ultrasound are performed.
The treatment depends on the kind and extent of the condition. It can be through medication or taking anticoagulant while wearing medical compression stockings. The most common or popular procedure is sclerotherapy. It is a process wherein sclerosant is injected into the tiny and medium-sized veins.
And presently, apart from surgery, patients can choose endovenous procedures that are least invasive.