Statistics show that approximately 1 million people in the United States have peripheral venous disease every year. This number has been steadily increasing for the past few years due to changes in diet, lifestyle and hormone intake. Thus, it is important to be knowledgeable about the risk factors, causes and conditions associated with this venous occlusive disease.
What is Deep Venous Thrombosis?
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a condition wherein increased clotting occurs in the blood in your circulation. Normally, blood freely traverses the vessels in order to supply nutrients to different parts of the body. However, the formation of clots in DVT causes occlusion of veins, which hinders the normal oxygen supply to vital tissues and organs. Since blood is pooled in a localized vessel, it may cause further damage in the venous lining, which exacerbates surrounding soft tissue injury.
One of the most common predisposing factors in thrombotic development is a persistent lack of movement. When a person moves a certain muscle, underlying tissues require increased flow to sustain activities. Thus, individuals who underwent recent surgery have a higher risk of blood clot formation. Bone fractures, ligament tears, and recent accidents are other conditions that promote stasis of blood.
Estrogen is necessary to maintain bone stability among post-menopausal women. It is also often used to manage hot flashes, breast pain, weakness and vaginal dryness that occur during early stages of menopause. Unfortunately, excessive intake of estrogen alters normal blood coagulation by increasing the activity of tissue factors for clotting. Hence, adherence to prescribed estrogen hormone concentrations plays a crucial role in DVT prevention.
Masses of the pancreas, lung, ovary, breast and urinary tract may also promote venous occlusion. This may occur when the tumor causes invasion of the surrounding vessel, which results to structure alteration. Since portions of the veins are compressed, blood flow is inhibited. This promotes aggregation of blood in the affected vessel region.
The Bottom Line
Venous occlusion is a condition that may result in various life-threatening conditions. Thus, it is essential to seek innovative technology for the immediate reversal of this condition.